The Black Sea has always been very popular with tourists and vacationers. Residents of Russia from all over the country go to the Black Sea resorts - some for a portion of sun and sea baths, some for impressions, some - to restore health.
The Black Sea is the largest diversion basin in the world, and 90% of its volume is occupied by hypoxic waters. Since the Black Sea is isolated from the World Ocean and has an extensive drainage network of rivers flowing into it. It has a unique and fragile water balance that is very important for maintaining its marine ecosystem.
The Black Sea region is full of surprises and mysteries due to various theories about how it got its name and legends about the landing site of Noah's Ark. In marine science, it is believed that the Black Sea got its name from a layer of hydrogen sulfide and supports a unique microbial population that produces black deposits, possibly due to anaerobic oxidation of methane.
The Black Sea is the edge of the Mediterranean Sea in the Atlantic Ocean, located between Europe and Asia; east of the Balkan Peninsula (Southeast Europe), south of the Eastern European Plains, west of the Caucasus, and north of West Anatolia. It is supplied by major rivers, mainly the Danube, Dnieper and Don.
Countries bordering the Black Sea: Turkey in the south, Bulgaria and Romania in the west, Ukraine in the north, Russia in the northeast and Georgia in the east.
Here are some unusual facts about
# 1. There are ten small islands on the sea.
# 2. Surprisingly, seals live in this warm sea.
# 3. Poisonous spiders live on the Black Sea coast.
# 4. The sea for its historical past had twenty names.
# 5. It is the largest oxygen-free body of water in the world.
# 6. Two species of dolphins swim in the waters of the Black Sea.
# 7. In the northwest, a small area of the sea is frozen by ice.
# 8. The deep layers of the sea are saturated with hydrogen sulfide.
# 9. "Inhospitable sea" - so the ancient Greeks called the Black Sea.
# 10. Species diversity of the sea - 250 types of the fauna.
# 11. 17.2 kilometers 210 meters - the greatest depth of the Black Sea.
# 12. The area of the sea is more than 400 thousand square kilometers.
# 13. The largest peninsula located on the Black Sea is the Crimean one.
# 14. Large deposits of gas and oil occur at the bottom of the Black Sea.
# 15. On the Black Sea, NATO countries are conducting military exercises.
# 16. The first mention of the Black Sea dates back to the 5th century BC.
# 17. The western part of the Black Sea is heavily polluted with oil waste.
# 18. In the waters of the Black Sea, there is one species of shark - Katran.
# 19. Black Sea region - this is the name of the territory around the Black Sea.
# 20. The Black Sea is growing, and the mountains around the sea are increasing.
# 21. Sunny Beach and Golden Sands are the largest Black Sea resorts in Bulgaria.
# 22. The Black Sea is home to a deadly fish that produces poison - the sea dragon.
# 23. The great Soviet writer Konstantin Paustovsky wrote the book "The Black Sea".
# 24. Crowded places for poisonous and dangerous animals of the Black Sea seem too dirty.
# 25. In ancient times, several Greek colonies were located on the Black Sea coast.
# 26. The seaport of Novorossiysk is the largest in the Black Sea in terms of cargo turnover.
# 27. The year-round constant sea level is achieved due to the absence of water fluctuations.
# 28. A stingray with poisonous thorns can be dangerous for tourists swimming in the Black Sea.
# 29. The Black Sea is connected to the Caspian Sea along the Don River through a river waterway.
# 30. Eurasia is divided into two parts of the world along the Black Sea surface - Europe and Asia.
# 31. At the bottom of the Black Sea there is an ancient river channel, which is active to this day.
# 32. A unique feature of the reservoir is that there are no living creatures at a depth of two hundred meters and below.
# 33. In the Black Sea region, the largest amount of precipitation (up to 1500 millimeters per year) falls on the Caucasian coast.
# 34. On the Black Sea there is a huge number of resort cities: Novorossiysk, Yalta, Odessa, Tuapse, Gelendzhik, Anapa and others.
# 35. Seven world powers are washed by the waters of the Black Sea: Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Georgia, Romania, Bulgaria and Abkhazia.
# 36. The bottom of the sea is littered with the remains of sunken ships, which are being investigated by scientists and adventurers.
# 37. The warmest city on the Black Sea coast is Gagra in Abkhazia. In Soviet times, it was one of the most prestigious and popular resorts in the USSR.
# 38. The systematic study of the Black Sea fauna began in 1871 after the construction of the first biological station in Sevastopol.
# 39. At night, the Black Sea waters sometimes glow. This effect is caused by algae related to night lights , and the chances of seeing it with your own eyes are at the end of summer, usually in August.
# 40. Of all the reservoirs of the Earth, in which different layers of water do not mix, the Black Sea is the largest. Its upper layer always remains fresher and less dense than the deep one.
# 41. The hypothesis says that about seven and a half thousand years ago, instead of the sea, there was a freshwater lake, the deepest at that time.
# 42. Up to 90% of the total mass of all animals in the sea are jellyfish, which literally flooded the Black Sea due to a violation of the ecological balance.
# 43. Many centuries ago the sea was called Scythian. Indeed, archaeologists on the Black Sea coast have found many artifacts and treasures from the culture of the ancient Scythians, especially in the Crimea.